IMPORTANT USER ALERT (2 July 2024): This past weekend, a storage server at NOAA's Center for Satellite Applications and Research, which delivers the NOAA Coral Reef Watch data, suffered a hardware failure. The issue is being addressed, and we hope to have the NOAA Coral Reef Watch data back up and running as soon as possible. (1) The most recent data will be made available first; historical data may take time to be restored. (2) If you need specific data that are not yet available, please contact us at (3) If you use code to pull data, please revise your code to use “…/socd/…” in lieu of “…/sod/…” in all relevant web addresses for all future needs. We apologize for any inconvenience this may cause.

Satellites & Bleaching


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Glynn, P. W. and L. D'Croz, 1990. Experimental evidence for high temperature stress as the cause of El Niño coincident coral mortality. Coral Reefs, 8, 181-191.

Goreau, T. J. and R. Hayes, 1994. Coral bleaching and ocean "hot spots." Ambio, 23:176-180.

Kenyon, J. C., G. S. Aeby, R. E. Brainard, J. D. Chojnacki, M. J. Dunlap, and C. B. Wilkinson, 2006. Mass coral bleaching on high-latitude reefs in the Hawaiian Archipelago. Proceedings of the 10th International Coral Reef Symposium, 631-643.

Liu, G., A.E. Strong, and W. Skirving. 2003. Remote sensing of sea surface temperature during 2002 [Great] Barrier Reef coral bleaching. EOS, 84(15), 137-144.

Montgomery, R. S., and A. E. Strong, 1995. Coral bleaching threatens ocean, life. EOS, 75, 145-147.

Strong, A. E., F. Arzayus, W. Skirving, and S. F. Heron. Identifying coral bleaching remotely via Coral Reef Watch - improved integration and implications for climate change. Chapter 9 in Coral Reefs and Climate Change: Science and Management, J. T. Phinney, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, J. Kleypas, W. Skirving, and A. E. Strong (Co-Eds), American Geophysical Union, 2006.

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